EICR – what is it
Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) is a report which indicates state of installation in Your house. It’s a formal document issued following an assessment of installation within the property. It have to be carried out by an experienced, qualified electrician or approved contractor.
During the test, the electrician will:
- make sure all devices are protected against fire and electric shock;
- ensure the earthing and bonding are adequate;
- identify whether there are any damaged electrical fittings and accessories;
- look for any exposed live wires that could cause injuries or fires;
- search for any damage to or wear that could compromise the safety of visitors/tenants.
Is EICR mandatory?
The new regulations, titled The Electrical Safety Standards in the Private Rented Sector (England) Regulations 2020, were officially brought in on 1st April 2020.
In July 2020, all new tenancies required an EICR. As of 1st April 2021, this requirement applies to all tenancies – new and existing.
Following the inspection and testing, a private landlord must:
- obtain a report from the person conducting that inspection and test, which gives the results of the inspection and test and the date of the next inspection and test
- supply a copy of that report to each existing tenant of the residential premises within 28 days of the inspection and test
- supply a copy of that report to the local housing authority within 7 days of receiving a request in writing for it from that authority
- retain a copy of that report until the next inspection and test is due and supply a copy to the person carrying out the next inspection and test
- supply a copy of the most recent report to any new tenant of the specified tenancy to which the report relates before that tenant occupies those premises; and any prospective tenant within 28 days of receiving a request in writing for it from that prospective tenant
If You are not renting Your property out, You are not required to have EICR. However, having Your property tested can show some problems which potentially can be dangerous. It’s recommended to test Your installation at least every 5 years to ensure that there is no deterioration and that everything is compliant with current regulations.
An EICR is not a legal requirement if you are selling a property, but it can give a potential buyer the peace of mind that the electrics are safe. Also if any alternations to current electric installation were made and You cant find Electrical Installation Certificate You can get certified electrician to issue EICR instead. It’s not a substitute for EIC , but the EICR should reassure potential buyers. Local authorities may also accept the report in place of an EIC as evidence that the work is compliant.
How much EICR costs?
Prices for EICR can vary from £140 to £400 depending on size of the property. Contact us to be advised on exact pricing. After first test we will inform You if and what needs to be done to be compliant. Retests after sorting all the issues are free of charge.
Can Tenants move in without EICR?
Since 1st of April 2021 You need to have EICR for all rental properties – existing and new. This mean that You should have this document issued well before new tenant moves in. If a landlord fails to have these checks completed by a qualified professional, local authorities will be able to fine them up to £5,000 for a first offence and up to £30,000 thereafter for not complying.
Do I need an EICR every year?
The IET Wiring Regulations BS7671 recommends that an EICR should be checked as follows:
- Landlords – every five years (required) or when there’s a change of tenancy (advised but not required).
- Business owners– every five years.
- Homeowners– every ten years, unless you have a swimming pool – therefore, you should get it checked every year.
If you don’t think your electrics are up to scratch, get one done before the timeframe is up.
What if I have unsatisfactionary report?
Where an Electrical Installation Safety Report identifies urgent remedial work or requires ‘further investigation’, the private landlord must ensure that the required work is carried out by a qualified and competent person within 28 days (or the period specified in the report if it is less than 28 days), starting with the date of the inspection and testing .
The landlord must then:
- obtain written confirmation from a qualified person that further investigative or remedial work has been carried out and that the electrical safety standards are met or the further work is required
- supply that written confirmation, together with a copy of the report which required the further investigative or remedial work to each existing tenant of the residential premises within 28 days of completion, and also to the local housing authority within 28 days.
For more information please head to gov.uk website.
How to read an EICR?
An example of an EICR (Electrical Installation Condition Report)
The first section is self-explanatory – it contains information about the contractor, customer and property that installation was tested. Part 2 describes why the report was undertaken and when. It also shows information if any previous reports were present.
Part 3 is important here. In here You see a summary of the report. If it is satisfactory or not, estimated age of installation, if there is evidence of additions or alternations. In this case, we took an unsatisfactory report to show how to read and where to look for information in this report.
This page shows observations and recommendations found during the Electrical Installation Condition Report
Part 5 indicates when the next EICR should be done and why.
Part 6 is the interesting one. It shows what should be improved, what needs to be investigated further and what needs to be improved immediately. This part indicates observations referring to further part of this report (Part 10) so to fully understand the comments, You should find referring points in part 10.
What does C1, C2, C3 means?
- C1 – There is a danger present, risk of injury and immediate remedial action required
- C2 – There is a potential danger present and urgent remedial work is required
- C3 – Improvement is recommended
This means that where C1 and C2 codes will effectively fail the certification, C3 code is treated as a recommendation and the certificate will be valid. Some electricians argue that a C3 is neither safe or not safe. Although the installation is not dangerous with C3 codes as it presently stands, it also doesn’t comply with the latest edition electrical regulations. In an ideal world, the customer would opt to have their electrics upgraded so it does comply, however in reality this rarely happens.
This page shows limitations that occurred.
Part 7 – Here You can find what was inspected and what limitations have occurred. In this case, only 20% of the property was tested due to tenant possessions. It’s important to advise tenants that the electrician will need access to all sockets etc. so they can prepare the access. some
Part 8 and 9 are more for electricians. They include details
of supply parameters, number of live conductors, system type, location of main switch etc. We won’t get into detail with those.
Schedule of Items inspected (first page)
Schedule of Items inspected (second page)
These two pages contain Part 10. It describes what was tested. Part 6 is referring to this schedule. To understand what was tested and the comment, find corresponding points in parts 6 and 10.
Part 11 contains circuit details and test results on those circuits. We will not go into all numbers there but we have added an example of this page below.